A progressive learning system is used in judo to promote participants who reach a certain level of skill and knowledge. This progression is monitored by using belts of different colours. The learning system is divided into two parts:
◊ Kyu grades (White to Brown Belt)
◊ Dan ranks (Black Belt)
Kyu ranks include the following belts:
6 th Kyu
6+ th Kyu
5 th Kyu
5+ th Kyu
4 th Kyu
4+ th Kyu
3+ rd Kyu
2+ nd Kyu
These ranks were created to follow the learning of the techniques and culture of judo. Kyu grades are defined in the Mudansha (Kyu) grade syllabus and are administered by clubs across the country.
Dan grades include 10 degrees starting from the black belt (Shodan):
These degrees were created in order to perfect the techniques and to develop the culture of judo. Dan grades are defined in the Yudansha (Dan) grade syllabus and are administered by (i) Judo Canada Grading Committee and (ii) Provincial / Territorial Grading Committees.
For Rokudan ranks and above, applicants must be actively involved in judo and demonstrate a significant contribution to judo at the Provincial / Territorial, national and / or international level throughout their career in judo and, in particular, since their last promotion. There are two streams: